Horse Health

Wound types

For your vet to give the best advice on the treatment of a wound, it is important to be able to describe the wound accurately: its nature, extent and location can make a difference to the treatment procedure.

Wound typePossible causeAppearance
Incisions and lacerations Barbed wire, glass These can bleed heavily and may involve deeper structures.
Abrasions Friction across a hard surface Wounds will likely contain debris such as grit, sand or dirt. Thorough surface cleansing is essential to remove foreign body material.
Penetrating or puncture wounds Penetration from a nail or thorn May be a very small wound – but they should never be underestimated. These wounds can involve underlying structures and are also liable to support tetanus and other bacteria. Particularly serious when close to a joint or tendon.
Contusions Bruising from kicks from other horses There is more damage within and below the skin, and the surface may not be broken.